CTX Vol 9 No 1 February 2019

COMBATING TERRORISM EXCHANGE

A Quarterly, Peer Reviewed Online Journal

From the Editor | Vol. 9 No. 1, February 2019


The Lernaean Hydra of Greek mythology was a multi-headed snake-like monster that preyed on the people and livestock of villages near the lake of Lerna, where the monster lived. If one of the Hydra’s heads was cut off, two others would grow in its place, making the monster almost impossible to kill. Only the hero Herakles (aka Hercules) was finally able to destroy the monster, and even he needed help from another hero and a goddess to prevail. Read the Letter from the Editor.

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Finland's Special Operations Surgical Team in Action

LTC Arto Hilden and Dr.Antti Lahdenranta Finnish Defense Forces

The dust... . dust is everywhere. You try to avoid it, but somehow it finds its way inside the room. Outside, you can hear loud voices and distant explosions competing with long bursts from machine guns. Here, inside some-one’s living room, a small group of people is working with bloody hands. On the table in front of the silent medical team lies an injured fighter from the Iraq security forces, and the team is trying to save his life by any available means. This time, the effort is worthwhile; the fighter survives, and he will be transported to another place to recover and get more specialized treatment. The dust flies in again when somebody opens the door, the next patient arrives, and treatment begins anew.
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Coercion and Non-State Actors: Lessons from the Philippines

MAJ Rick Breekveldt, Netherlands Special Operations Command
and Dr. Martijn Kitzen, Netherlands Defence Academy

The complicated nature of our contemporary security envi-ronment requires states to deal with state and non-state threats alike. However, while there are sound and substantiated frameworks for understanding state interactions, and extensive research regarding non-state actors in insurgency has enhanced counterinsurgency theory, the understanding of coercion’s utility vis-à-vis non-state actors is still lagging behind.
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The Localization Strategy: Strategic Sense for Special Operations Forces in Niger

Pierre Dehaene, Special Forces Group, Belgium

The views, thoughts and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and not necessarily supported by the Special Forces Group, Belgian SOCOM, Belgian Armed Forces, or the government of Belgium.The Localization Strategy: Strategic Sense for Special Operations Forces in NigerIn early 2018, President Mahamadou Issoufou of Niger gave Colonel Major Moussa Salaou Barmou, the director of Niger’s Commandement des Operations Spéciales (Dir COS—Special Operations Command) the tremen-dous task of setting up 12 Bataillons Spéciaux d’Intervention (BSI) over five years.
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The Development of a Special Operations Command for Japan

Ryota Akiba

In 2014, the cabinet of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe determined that the Japanese government would develop what it called the Seamless Security Legislation (SSL; 切れ目のない安全保障法制), to ensure the future survival of Japan and its people.1 This legislation filled a gap in the existing Self Defense Law by providing the necessary authorization for the Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF) to “seamlessly” fulfill an evolving set of roles and missions.
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The Written Word

LCDR Flemming Haar, Danish Naval Special Forces

Few would argue that special operations constitute a critical element in modern warfare, which makes the relative scarcity of theoretical studies on the subject striking. Furthermore, according to the editors of Special Operations from a Small State Perspective: Future Security Challenges—and my own observation—the literature that does exist within this field focuses primarily on the utility of SOF for states with substantial military power.
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Announcements and Publications

The Special Operations Research Associa-tion and the Joint Special Operations University ( JSOU) are pleased to announce this year’s annual academic symposium, which will be held March 8–9, 2019 at the Hyatt Regency Hotel, near the Naval Postgraduate School in Mon-tere y, CA.
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About the Contributors

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DISCLAIMER

This journal is not an official DoD publication. The views expressed or implied within are those of the contributors and do not necessarily reflect the views of any governmental or nongovernmental organization or agency of the United States of America or any other country.

TERMS OF COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2019 by the author(s), except where otherwise noted. The Combating Terrorism Exchange journal (CTX) is a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal available free of charge to individuals and institutions. Copies of this journal and the articles contained herein may be printed or downloaded and redistributed for personal, research, or educational purposes free of charge and without permission, except if otherwise noted. Any commercial use of CTX or the articles published herein is expressly prohibited without the written consent of the copyright holder. The copyright of all articles published herein rests with the author(s) of the article, unless otherwise noted.


EDITORIAL STAFF

ELIZABETH SKINNER Managing Editor
RYAN STUART Design & Layout

EDITORIAL REVIEW BOARD

VICTOR ASAL

University of Albany SUNY

CHRIS HARMON

Marine Corps University

TROELS HENNINGSEN

Royal Danish Defense College

PETER MCCABE

Joint Special Operations University

IAN C. RICE

US Army

ANNA SIMONS

Naval Postgraduate School

SHYAMSUNDER TEKWANI

Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies

CRAIG WHITESIDE

Naval War College